Planet GJ 436 b

Name GJ 436 b
Discovered in 2004
M × sin i 0.0737 (± 0.0052) MJ
Semi-major axis 0.02887 (± 0.00095) AU
Orbital period 2.6438986 (± 1.6e-06) day
Eccentricity 0.15 (± 0.012)
ω 351.0 (± 1.2) deg
Tperi 1551.716 (± 0.12) JD
Radius 0.365 (± 0.02) RJ
Inclination 85.8 ( -0.25 +0.25 ) deg;
Update Oct. 11, 2010
Detection method detected by transit
Molecules detectedCO2
CO
H2O
H
Primary transit 2454222.61588 (± 0.00012) JD
Secondary transit
Anomaly angle
Time Vr=0
Calculated temperature
Measured temperature
Hottest point longitute
Surface gravity log(g/gH)

Remarks

11 Oct 2010: No conclusive evidence for molecular features in NICMOS data (Gibson et al. 2010)
21 May 2008: The planet GJ 436 c (Ribas et al. 2008) has been retracted at the Transiting Planet conference in Boston
15 Apr 2008: Transit Light Curve by AXA

Other web-pages

Star

Name GJ 436
Distance 10.2 pc
Spectral type M2.5
Apparent magnitude V 10.68
Mass 0.452 ( -0.012 +0.012 ) MSun
Age 6.0 ( -5.0 +5.0 ) Gyr
Effective temperature 3684.0 ( -55.0 +55.0 ) K
Radius 0.464 ( -0.011 +0.011 ) RSun
Metallicity [Fe/H] -0.32 (± 0.12)
RA2000 11:42:11.0
Dec2000 +26:42:23
Planetary system 3 planets

More data


Related publications

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A featureless transmission spectrum for the Neptune-mass exoplanet GJ 436b
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The puzzling chemical composition of GJ 436b's atmosphere: influence of tidal heating on the chemistry
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arxiv

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Astrobiology
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The Heavy Element Masses of Extrasolar Giant Planets, Revealed
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A Spitzer Transmission Spectrum for the Exoplanet GJ 436b, Evidence for Stellar Variability, and Constraints on Dayside Flux Variations
June 11, 2011 KNUTSON H., MADHUSUDHAN N., COWAN N., CHRISTIANSEN J., AGOL E. & 8 additional authors
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Mass-loss rates for transiting exoplanets
April 21, 2011 EHRENREICH D. & DESERT J.-M.
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HST/STIS Lyman-alpha observations of the quiet M dwarf GJ436: Predictions for the exospheric transit signature of the hot neptune GJ436b
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Astrophys. & Spa. Sci.
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Jan. 13, 2011 SZABO Gy. & KISS L.
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Transmission Spectra of Transiting Planet Atmospheres: Model Validation and Simulations of the Hot Neptune GJ 436b for the James Webb Space Telescope
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ApJ., 727, 65
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Dec. 6, 2010 WRIGHT J., MARCY G. & the California Planet Survey consortium
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Dec. 6, 2010 CHABRIER G., LACONTE J. & BARAFFE I.
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Interior structure models of GJ 436b
Nov. 15, 2010 NETTELMANN N., KRAMM U., REDMER R. & NEUHAEUSER R.
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A Search for a Sub-Earth Sized Companion to GJ 436 and a Novel Method to Calibrate Warm Spitzer IRAC Observations
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A Model for Thermal Phase Variations of Circular and Eccentric Exoplanets
Nov. 3, 2010 COWAN N. & AGOL E.
ApJ.
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Nov. 2, 2010 BALLARD S., CHARBONNEAU D., DEMING D., KNUTSON H., CHRISTIANSEN J., HOLMAN M., FABRYCKY D., SEAGER S. & A'HEARN M.
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abstract

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MNRAS, 408, 1689
paper   preprint

A Methane-Free GJ 436b?
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abstract

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paper

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paper

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ApJ., 720, 1290
paper

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paper

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July 27, 2010 DURAND-MANTEROLA H.
Plan. & Spa. Sci., 57, 1405
paper   astro-ph

Water/Icy Super-Earths: Giant Impacts and Maximum Water Content
July 23, 2010 MARCUS R., SASSELOV D., STEWART S. & HEMQUIST L.
ApJ. Letters, 719, L45
paper

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June 29, 2010 SCHLAUFMAN K. & LAUGHLIN G.
Astron. & Astrophys.
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Orbital period variations of hot-Jupiters caused by the Applegate effect
June 24, 2010 WATSON C. & MARSH T.
MNRAS, 405, 2037
paper

A Search for Additional Planets in the NASA EPOXI Observations of the Exoplanet System GJ 436
May 27, 2010 BALLARD S., CHRISTIANSEN J., CHARNONNEAU D., DEMING D., HOLMAN M., FABRYCKY D. A'HEARN M., WELLNITZ D., BARRY R., KUCHNER M., LIVENGOOD T., HEWAGAMA T., SUNSHINE J., HAMPTON D., LISSE C., SEAGER S. & VEVERKA J.
ApJ., 716, 1047
paper

The dayside atmosphere of the hot-Neptune GJ 436b
April 29, 2010 MADHUSUDHAN N. & SEAGER S.
ApJ.
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A Correlation Between Stellar Activity and the Surface Gravity of Hot Jupiters
April 27, 2010 HARTMAN J.
ApJ. Letters
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A Framework for Quantifying the Degeneracies of Exoplanet Interior Compositions
March 10, 2010 ROGERS L. & SEAGER S.
ApJ., 712, 974
paper

A simple model of the reflection effect for the interacting binaries and extrasolar planets
March 9, 2010 BUDAJ J.
ApJ.
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Transits and Occultations
Jan. 14, 2010 WINN J.
paper

How eccentric orbital solutions can hide planetary systems in 2:1 resonant orbits
Jan. 7, 2010 ANGLADA-ESCUDE G., LOPEZ-MORALES M. & CHAMBERS J.
ApJ., 709, 168
paper

Models of Neptune-Mass Exoplanets: Emergent Fluxes and Albedos
Jan. 7, 2010 SPIEGEL D., BURROWS A., IBGUI L., HUBENY I. & MILSOM J.
ApJ., 709, 149
paper

Not So Black? The Statistics of Albedo and Energy Recirculation on Hot Exoplanets
Jan. 5, 2010 COWAN N. & AGOL E.
ApJ.
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A Search for Additional Planets in the Exoplanetary Systems Studied by the NASA EPOXI Mission
May 27, 2010 BALLARD S., CHRISTIANSEN J., CHARBONNEAU D., HOLMAN M., DEMING D., WELNITZ D., A'HEARN M. & the EPOXI Team
BAAS, 42, no 1, 328.05
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Atmospheric Circulation of Exoplanets
March 1, 2010 SHOWMAN A., CHO J. & MENOU K.
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Tidally Heated Terrestrial Exoplanets: Viscoelastic Response Models
Dec. 2, 2009 HENNING W., O'CONNELL R. & SASSELOV D.
ApJ., 707, 1000
paper

Transit infrared spectroscopy of the hot neptune around GJ 436 with the Hubble Space Telescope
Nov. 26, 2009 PONT F., GILLILAND R., KNUTSON H., HOLMAN M. & CHARBONNEAU D.
MNRAS, 393, L6
paper

Constraints on Secondary Eclipse Probabilities of Long-Period Exoplanets from Orbital Elements
Nov. 19, 2009 von BRAUN K. & KANE S.
paper

High Cadence Near Infrared Timing Observations of Extrasolar Planets: I. GJ 436b and XO-1b
Nov. 13, 2009 CAQCERES C., IVANOV V., MINNITI D., NAEF D., MELO C., MASON E., SELMAN F. & PIETRZYNSKI G.
Astron. & Astrophys., 507, 481
paper

Planets and Debris Disks: Results from a Spitzer/MIPS Search for Infrared Excess
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paper

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Astron. & Astrophys., 506, 399
paper

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Oct. 15, 2009 ZECHMEISTER M., KÜRSTER M. & ENDL M.
Astron. & Astrophys., 505, 859
paper

The search for exomoons and the characterization of exoplanet atmospheres
Oct. 8, 2009 CAMPANELLA G.
Full text

From Hot Jupiters to Super-Earths: Characterizing the Atmospheres of Extrasolar Planets with the Spitzer Space Telescope
Sept. 30, 2009 KNUTSON H.
BAAS, 41, no 3, 31.04
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Exoplanetary Transit Constraints Based Upon Secondary Eclipse Observations
Sept. 29, 2009 KANE S. & von BRAUN K.
PASP, 121, 1096
paper

Constraints on the Atmospheric Composition of GJ 436b Using Secondary Eclipse Photometry
Sept. 24, 2009 STEVENSON K., HARRINGTON J., NYMEYER S., MADHUSUDHAN N., SEAGER S., DEMING D., LAUGHLIN G., HARDY R., BOWMAN W., LANGTON J., RAUSCHER E., LUST N. & WILSON D.
BAAS, 41, no 3, 42.03
abstract

Constraints on Orbital Parameters from Secondary Eclipse Timing
Sept. 24, 2009 HARDY R., HARRINGTON J., STEVENSON K., NYMEYER S., NIKKU M., SEAGER S., DEMING D., LAUGHLIN G., BOWMAN W., LUST N. & WILSON D.
BAAS, 41, no 3, 42.05
abstarct

Atmospheric Circulation of Hot Neptune GJ436b
Sept. 24, 2009 LEWIS N., SHOWMAN A., FORTNEY J., MARLEY M., FREEDMAN R.& LODDERS K.
BAAS, 41, no 3, 42.07
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First Transiting Planet Results from the NASA Epoxi Mission
Sept. 21, 2009 CHRISTIANSEN J.
BAAS, 41, no 3, 05.08
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Inflating and Deflating Hot Jupiters: Coupled Tidal and Thermal Evolution of Known Transiting Planets
Sept. 8, 2009 MILLER M., FORTNEY J. & JACKSON B.
ApJ., 702, 1413
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Ground-Based Photometric Searches for Transiting Planets
July 11, 2009 MAZEH T.
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On the Metal-Richness of M Dwarfs with Planets
June 18, 2009 JOHNSON J. & APPS K.
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paper

Transit timing effects due to an exomoon II
June 17, 2009 KIPPING D.
MNRAS, 396, 1797
paper

A Quasi-Stationary Solution to Gliese 436b's Eccentricity
June 11, 2009 BATYGIN K., LAUGHLIN G., MESCHIARI S., RIVERA E., VOGT S. & BUTLER P.
ApJ., 699, 23
paper

Observational Evidence for Tidal Destruction of Exoplanets
May 30, 2009 JACKSON B., BARNES R. & GREENBERG R.
ApJ., 698, 1357
paper

Binarity of Transit Host Stars - Implications on Planetary Parameters
May 9, 2009 DAEMGEN S., HORMUTH F., BRANDNER W., BERGFORS C., JANSON M., HIPPLER S. & HENNING Th.
Astron. & Astrophys., 498, 567
paper

Bulk composition of the transiting hot Neptune around GJ 436
April 21, 2009 FIGUEIRA P., PONT F., MORDASINI Ch., ALIBERT Y. GEORGY C. & BENZ W.
Astron. & Astrophys., 493, 671
paper

The quest for very low-mass planets
April 8, 2009 MAYOR M. & UDRY S.
Physica Scripta, 130, 014010
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From Hot Jupiters to Super-Earths: Characterizing the Atmospheres of Extrasolar Planets with the Spitzer Space Telescope
April 8, 2009 KNUTSON H.
BAAS, 41, no 2, 201.06
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Detection and Characterization of Extrasolar Planets through Doppler Spectroscopy
April 3, 2009 EGGENBERGER A. & UDRY S.
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A Study of the Accuracy of Mass-Radius Relationships for Silicate-Rich and Ice-Rich Planets up to 100 Earth Masses
March 4, 2009 GRASSET O., SCHNEIDER J. & SOTIN Ch.
ApJ., 693, 722
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Formation and tidal evolution of hot super-Earths in multiple planetary systems
Feb. 25, 2009 ZHOU J.-L.
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Transit Timing Observations of the Extrasolar Hot-Neptune Planet GL 436b
Jan. 6, 2009 STRINGFELLOW G., COUGHLIN J., LOPEZ-MORALES M., BECKER A., KRAJCI T., MEZZALIRA F. & AGOL E.
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Improved parameters for extrasolar transiting planets
Dec. 12, 2011 TORRES G., WINN J. & HOLMAN M.
ApJ., 677, 1324
paper

A Hubble Space Telescope transit light curve for GJ436b
Feb. 27, 2011 BEAN J., BENEDICT F., CHARBONNEAU D., HOMEIER D., TAYLOR D., McARTHUR B., SEIFAHRT A., DREIZLER S. & REINERS A.
Astron. & Astrophys., 486, 1039
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Homogeneous studies of transiting extrasolar planets. I. Light curve analyses
Dec. 14, 2010 SOUTHWORTH J.
MNRAS, 386, 1644
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Photometric Follow-up Observations of the Transiting Neptune-Mass Planet GJ 436b
Nov. 9, 2009 SHPORER A., MAZEH T., WINN J., HOLMAN M., LATHAM D., PONT F. & ESQUERDO G.
ApJ., 694, 1559
paper

Ocean Planet or Thick Atmosphere: On the Mass-Radius Relationship for Solid Exoplanets with Massive Atmospheres
Nov. 2, 2009 ADAMS E., SEAGER S. & ELKINS-TANTON L.
ApJ., 673, 1160
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Stellar proper motion and the timing of planetary transits
July 8, 2009 RAFIKOV R.
ApJ., 700, 965
paper

Homogeneous studies of transiting extrasolar planets. II. Physical properties
June 17, 2009 SOUTHWORTH J.
MNRAS, 394, 272
paper

Empirical evidence for tidal spin-up in transiting planetary systems
June 17, 2009 PONT F.
MNRAS, 396, 1789
paper

Empirical Constraints on Trojan Companions and Orbital Eccentricities in 25 Transiting Exoplanetary Systems
March 4, 2009 MADHUSUDHAN N. & WINN J.
ApJ., 693, 784
paper

Eccentricity modulation of a close-in planet by a companion - application to GJ 436 system
Dec. 18, 2008 XIAO T. & ZHOU J.-L.
Science in China (G): Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
preprint

New Observations and a Possible Detection of Parameter Variations in the Transits of Gliese 436b
Nov. 27, 2008 COUGHLIN J., STRINGFELLOW G., BECKER A., LOPEZ-MORALES M., MEZZALIRA F. & KRAJCI T.
ApJ. Letters, 689, L149
paper

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